Transalpine Pipeline - From the Adriatic to the Centre of Europe through the Alps
The Transalpine Pipeline (TAL) is 753 km long and passes through Italy, Austria and Germany, connecting the Port of Trieste with the German States of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg.
The TAL system is divided into three sections:
The pipeline runs for 145 km inside Italy (Friuli Venezia Giulia). Starting from the coastal depot at San Dorligo della Valle, it traces a wide arc around Trieste and continues along the Karst plateau, parallel to the Slovenian border, before reaching the Province of Gorizia.
After crossing the river a dozen times the pipeline passes west of Paluzza and Timau and through the 7 km long Monte Croce Carnico Tunnel across the border into Austria. Within Austria, it crosses the Alps via the Gail Valley and the Gailbergsattel and then continues along the Drau Valley near Lienz and the Isel Valley and through the Tauern Tunnel before arriving at the Felbertauern Tunnel, where it reaches its maximum altitude of 1,572 metres above sea level.
Once in Bavaria the pipeline descends the Inn Valley and then continues to the west of Rosenheim and Wasserburg before heading north to the refineries in Vohburg and Ingolstadt.
TAL-IG supplies the following refineries:
- OMV refinery in Schwechat near Vienna (through the Adria-Wien Pipeline system which is connected in Würmlach
- OMV refinery in Burghausen (via the OMV deposit in Steinhöring)
- Czech refineries in Kralupy and Litvinov (via the MERO system in Vohburg)
- Bayernoil refinery in Vohburg
- Gunvor refinery in Ingolstadt
- TAL-NE (diameter: 26") a total lengh of 22 km connects the Gunvor refinery in Ingostadt and the tankfarm in Lenting with the Bayernoil refinery in Neustadt.
- TAL-OR (diameter 26") a total length of 266 km and the three pumping stations (Ingolstadt, Ehringen and Hohenhaslach) connects the tankfarm in Lenting with the MiRO refinery in Karlsruhe.
THE TAL INSTALLATIONEN
From the operational point of view, the TAL system is run by two separate control rooms:
- the tank farm in San Dorligo della Valle;
- the TAL-IG South route (composed of the Italian route and the southern part of the Austrian route up to the Felbertauern Tunnel).
The control room in Germany manages:
- the TAL-IG North route (composed of the northern part of the Austrian route and the German section of TAL-IG);
- the Lenting tank farm;
- the TAL-NE route;
- the TAL-OR route.
The pipeline is operated in such a way that each refinery receives the quality and quantity of oil required at the scheduled time.This is made possible by careful operational planning that ensures the safe operation and maximum reliability and efficiency of the supply system.